planting new trees, determine both your needs and the existing conditions of your
site. Like all plants, trees have specific light, soil and space requirements. Remember
that many trees grow quickly and continue to grow for many years. Once trees are
established, theyre not easy to move so its important to plan your garden in
advance. Research the different type of trees youre considering planting before
making a final decision.
Choose a tree that will compliment your garden. Large shade trees are usually not suitable
for smaller gardens. Tulip trees, for instance, can grow to 90 feet and, over time, will
tower over a small garden or courtyard creating a fully shaded environment. Planted in a
vast lawn, however, the tulip tree may be the perfect choice. If you have limited outdoor
space, a smaller tree such as the cherry, dogwood or magnolia is more appropriate.
Know the mature size of the trees choose and plan your garden accordingly. Allow adequate
space between your tree and your home to avoid any problems. High winds can cause heavy
limbs to fall and potentially damage your roof. Large trees can also interfere with power
lines and their roots can crack a driveway.
Another important issue to consider is whether a full grown tree will interfere with a
walkway. A tree planted along a front walk can be beautiful at first but over time may
grow too large for its spot. An inappropriately placed tree may need to be pruned often,
resulting in an awkward shape or may even need to be transplanted to a more suitable
Familiarize yourself with the existing conditions of your garden and the specific light
and soil requirements of your new trees before planting. Many trees require lots of
sunlight to while others prefer a bit of shade. In order for trees to reach their mature
height, they need to be planted in nutrient rich, well-drained soil.
A row of trees can be an ideal way to mark a boundary line or create a privacy screen.
Trees also protect your home and garden from elements such as biting winds and blowing
snow. In the summer, trees create shade providing a break from the hot afternoon sun.
While at the nursery, choose a healthy looking tree with a burlap covered root ball.
Carefully check the trees trunk and be sure to choose one without damaged bark. Also check
the trees branches for broken limbs.
When you're ready to plant, dig the hole twice the diameter of the root ball and just as
deep. Trees are heavy and planting them often requires two people so have a friend help
place the tree in the hole. Be sure the top of the root ball is level with the existing
grade of the garden. Avoid planting trees too deep or too high. Backfill the hole with a
mix of compost, peat moss and existing soil. Once the hole is halfway filled, add water to
eliminate any air pockets. After the water and soil settle, finish backfilling the hole,
create a saucer around the trunk and water again.
Prior planning is essential to the success of your garden. Research the requirements of
the trees you decide to use and find the best possible location. With some initial
planning, trees which are properly located and planted, can last a lifetime with very